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Q01.What is the energy conversion functional water?

We focused on the advantage of water behavior, and without any chemicals added, the energy conversion functional water is naturally derived as energy of what water originally has.

Q02.I still don't really understand that.

While the behavior of water is being elucidated gradually through modern science, it is still only a small part of the whole picture. However, we can take advantage of the physicochemical behavior of water.

Q03.Can you give me specific examples?

For example, when some substances of silicate system are added to water and then burned at certain temperature, a kind of corundum is produced. It is a substance of aluminum oxide series that has nano contact surfaces. When water touches the surfaces of the substance, an electrokinetic phenomenon occurs in between due to the difference in the electrical potentials. As a result of this ion-conducting electrochemical reaction, polar character between water molecules is strengthened. While this is what we can guess about water science at a minimum level, it can be suggested that connections between water molecules are strengthened. Including this assumption, the current views shared by researchers in the field of water science have now been being disproved.

Q04.What do you mean by energy conversion?

It means to derive the innate energy of a substance by changing the behavior of the substance into something more significant. One example is that when water becomes vapor, it swells as much as 1700 fold. This is explained by the theory that water gives power to a water turbine.

Q05. It's been a long time since the idea of mixing water with oil was adopted. So, what is your reason in announcing it as "Unknown Science?"

Oil and water are never blended, and also it is a widely shared common knowledge that if you put water on fire, the fire will go out. However, we have discovered that oil and water can be blended and water can even help oil burn.

Q06.When you mix water with oil, they should separate. How do you explain?

Yes, they separate. However, the question is that if they separate quickly or slowly. In order to slow the separation down, oil particles should be minimized as much as possible so that they can evenly be blended with water molecules to be equally dispersed. This is called the "ultimate < type O/W > emulsion".

Q07.Why does it burn with 50% oil and 50% water?

Oil used as fuel is an aggregate of particles according to its chemical composition. Its fuel particles and water molecules are evenly blended and contact each other. When they are sent to a combustion unit, including a burner, the mixed gas of oil and water swells under high temperature due to their chemical characteristics. Then, they are infinitely cut and the mixed gas consisting of them burns as each molecule bonds with oxygen. In addition, as the excess air sent into the burner is reduced, it is believed that "shortness of breath combustion" can be avoided, resulting in a significant reduction in the heat loss.

Q08.How about the NOx concentration in exhaust gases?

Of course, it lowers. And yet, as half the FGE is water, the amount of contaminated matters in exhaust gases is also reduced, based on the water gas reaction theory. In addition, as the CO2 concentration is also reduced, it can be defined as "green fuel".

Q09.There has been an idea of "emulsion fuel", which is the mixture of water and oil, but why hasn't that been put into practical use yet?

Because it was difficult to choose the right emulsifier which weakened interfacial effects that were necessary for emulsion formation, and then people thought that any water could be used as long as it was water. Oil/water emulsions are not usually stable, and there were some cases where combustion efficiency lowered when there was more water.

Q10.If water matters, what kind of merit can you get with the "energy conversion functional water"?

The size of a water particle in oil is indicated as a particle size, and it is measured based on the diameter of a particle. If the specific surface area of a spherical particle is small, the dispersity increases. Therefore, water behavior plays an important role for the efficiency of emulsion fuel. When only oil is burned, gases do not diffuse well at the time of ignition, and if a great amount of water is added, the fire goes out as oxygen is cut off. However, if the amount of water is less than a certain amount, it burns rather explosively. The aqueous solubilization fuel depends more on the dispersion force of water rather than that of oil. So the "Van der Waals' theory" is very important.

Q11.What do you mean when you say that water clusters are small?

Clusters are strictly called cluster compounds. They are an "appearance" of a group of atoms and how they are connected. For example, a group of water that consists of minuscule ices being connected each other is called a cluster. Clusters are very different in size and each cluster instantaneously repeats "production" and "annihilation". Water molecules are hydrogen-bonded and one of the reasons why water does not vaporize as quickly as alcohol does is that the connection between water molecules is strong. That means the bonding between < O-H > is maintained with the electrostatic force and the charge transfer force attracting each other. For the energy conversion functional water, this attraction is further strengthened.

Q12.What does a hydrogen bonding mean?

It is a difficult term but it is a bonding based on the principle called the Van der Waals interaction, where positive and negative charges attract each other with a proton donor X and a proton acceptor Y having a hydrogen atom in between. For example, there is a hydrogen bonding between the DNA's double helical conformation, which allows the DNA to keep its shape. And when DNA is transcribed into RNA, and when protein is synthesized within a body, the hydrogen bonding helps.

Q13.How about with the energy conversion functional water?

The directions of a bonding are fundamental for the hydrogen bonding. When a hydrogen atom is on what connects an oxygen atom of two molecules linearly, which means when it is like < O-HcO >, the strongest hydrogen bonding is achieved. On the contrary, when a hydrogen atom is off the < OcO axis > , it becomes weak. The energy conversion functional water is approximated to this as much as possible.

Q14.Why does it burn better with 50% oil and 50% water rather than 100% oil?

Although we cannot affirm theory that the higher the temperature, the higher the calorific value, we can guess that it can be proportional to some extent. However, when there is water vapor filled in a burner unit, a water gas reaction, called an endothermic reaction, occurs, and unburned carbon is gasified to burn. As the temperature in the burner stack becomes higher, a water gas reaction proceeds. Including these, this phenomenon is taken as an overall exothermic reaction. In this case, it is inferred that a certain amount of water can work in a positive way.

Q15.What is the greatest merit of adding water to oil?

In general, water becomes 1700fold when it vaporizes below one atmospheric pressure. At that time, if oil particles and water particles are evenly dispersed to be blended, water vaporizes along with the oil particles. At the same time, as the surface which contacts oxygen molecules becomes infinitely large, the burnup increases. In addition, it is also guessed that the behavior of water itself is related.

Q16.What is the functional water?

No matter how water is processed, the functional water is water which gives polar character to water behavior in the energy field of water without certain chemicals being added.

Q17.Is mineral water the functional water?

If it has a certain amount of mineral, it can be defined as functional water. In principle, however, there are conditions that energy given to water acts in line with the specific heat while there is no change in temperature.

Q18.What are the differences between the energy conversion functional water and ordinary water?

As water dissociates, the amount of H3O2 ions in the water increases and the oxidation-reduction potential value lowers. Due to H3O2 ions, it can be said that the surface tension of water is lower than that of ordinary water. However, as there are various complicated analysis methods in the field of water science, different results can be gained depending on the method used. Therefore it may be better to say that there is a "tendency". Also it is inferred that changes can occur due to the hydrogen bonding and dissolved oxygen as mentioned before.

Q19.What do you mean by a high dissolved oxygen level?

The amount of dissolved oxygen decreases as hydrogen bonds with oxygen dissolved into water when the hydrogen bonding breaks due to water disassociation. On the contrary, when the hydrogen bonding is strong, dissolved oxygen remains highly concentrated. It is inferred that dissolved oxygen is stored within water clusters and outer micro-pores.

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